HISTORY ABOUT ANCIENT RUSSIAN HISTORY (THE ANATOMY OF THE PHENOMENON)

М. И. Кушнир

Abstract


What do we call the word «history»? These are events that actually occurred in the past. This is description of events, made, in this particular case by an ancient Russian chronicler. This is description of events contained in the historical monographs and textbooks, made by researchers of chronicle heritage. In the 19th century scientific views emerged: 1) the chronicler records real events, 2) strict chronicler «stenographer» as Pimen of Pushkin’s poem. These views have become classics, as repeatedly replicated from generation to generation. New scientific discoveries (Shakhmatov, Likhachev, etc.) could not have a significant impact on these views. As a result of the alleged events are taken as real events, and on that basis can only be false conclusions. The author introduces the concept of factoid and develops the concept of the historical worldview. The article also examines the state, law and control as a part of culture, and as a result of the active work of the human.

Keywords


ancient Rus, the history, the chronicler, the scientific views of the 19th century, Pimen, Likhachev, factoid, false conclusions, the state, active work.

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