Е. Г. Соколов


Article is devoted to the analysis of architectural complexes in their correlation with fun-damental constants of an era. Undoubtedly, work of architecture is not only visual per-ceived an art artifact, but always uniform and indivisible complete composition. In a limit – it is a way of the organization of strictly certain routes of the movement and an ar-rangement of the person in space. Therefore – one of direct establishments of a world order and a living arrangement. At the same time the architecture never becomes purely esthetic uninterested contemplation, but always assumes functionality, so in an inclusive-ness. Through her ¸ architecture, out of the dis-italic and verbally issued symbolical set phrase occurs statements and representation of structures both consciousness of an era and culture, and individual ways of their updating thanks to what actually and existential control is made. Out of the made action for which that or architectural the project in-tended originally (everyday life, church action, feasts or balls, various forms of work and communication, other options of compatibility) at a reshaping he disappears, is destroyed, loses authenticity. It loss of a foreign culture way of attitude and a miroustroyeniye, so and impossibility involves transfer of experience from ancestors to descendants and broadcast of cultural meanings. Correlation of structures of consciousness and conscious-ness with the ways conducting for this or that moment their architectural obnali-chivaniyakhotya is also not essentially new statement, but still hasn't become everywhere a widespread research rule and often causes objection or even bewilderment from art critics. The theoretical base of legitimacy of such approach B.R.Vipper's work "Introduc-tion to historical studying of art" (the section devoted to architecture) can consider. And brilliant attempt to track communications and parallels between architecture and con-sciousness, their interaction and interference, E.Panofsky's Work "Gothic architecture and scholasticism" can consider. Scientific researches of Zh. V. Nikolaeva the "Architecture in consciousness of a totalitarian era" devoted to the comparative analysis of architecture of the Third Reich, the USSR and fascist Germany are distinguished from works of young scientists recently. The general conclusion I was the statement that without regard to obvious distinctions between these totalitarian modes, in all three dominating and fun-damental were the same structures of consciousness, as involved similar architectural expressions. And work as Zemskova V. I. "Christian basilica: architecture and ideology" where on the basis of the analysis of both the ideological, and construction and architec-tural components entering the Basilica of St. John Lateran complex, the author draws the conclusion which is directly contradicting a well-known maxim. Namely: not the ancient Roman basilica, but 1 Jerusalem temple has been taken as a basis at construction of the first official Christian temple.


architecture; consciousness; consciousness of an era; structure of conscious-ness; perception architectural art work; integrity of expression and integrity of perception; loss of authenticity at a reshaping of monuments of architecture


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