ARCHETYPE OF CITY (WESTERN AND EASTERN MODEL)

Е. М. Щепановская

Abstract


The Archetype of the City represents the organization of the Universe, manifesting itself through two different model. This is the city as a temple (embedding analogy of Earth and Heaven and focusing spiritual energy) and a city-fortress (enclosed within itself, divided from Nature and suppresses it). The eastern model still keeps the image of city-temple, universal for ancient people, but it is losing the western model, while developing the archetype of city-fortress. The article shows the periodical return to the archetype of city-temple, which is actual nowadays.

Keywords


archetype of the city; city-temple; city-fortress; eastern model; urbanization; globalization

References


Бэкон Ф. Новая Атлантида. М., 1962

Кассирер Э. Философия символических форм Т.2 Мифологическое мышление М., СПб., 2001

От начала начал. Антология шумерской поэзии. СПб., 1997

Хайдеггер М. Бытие и время. М., Академический проект, 2011

Щепановская Е.М. Генезис и классификация мифологических архетипов: культурфило-софский подход. Дисс… канд. филоС. наук. СПбГУ, 2011

Элиаде М. Священное и мирское. М., 1994


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