GEORGE OF TREBIZOND’S APOCALYPTISM AS A STRATEGY FOR MARGINALIZATION OF THE PLATONIC HERITAGE

M. V. Semikolennykh/М. В. Семиколенных

Abstract


In his Comparatio Philosophorum Aristotelis et Platonis George of Trebizond sought not so much to compare philosophical views of ancient thinkers as to demonstrate falsity and harmfulness of Plato’s teaching and the opinions of his followers. He employed popular eschatological imagery (first of all, identification of famous Platonists with false prophets and Antichrist himself) as one of the means to this end.


Keywords


George of Trebizond; Basilios Bessarion; Plato; Aristotle; Renaissance Neoplatonism; eschatology; Antichrist

References


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Martinez Roger L. Jews, Catholics, and Converts: Reassessing the Resilience of Convivencia in Fifteenth Century Plasencia, Spain // Journal of Spanish, Portuguese, and Italian Crypto-Jews, Volume 1, Spring 2009. P. 95–119.

McGinn Bernard. Apocalypticism and Church Reform // The Encyclopedia of Apocalyp-ticism. Vol. 2. Apocalypticism in Western History and Culture / ed. by Bernard McGinn.

Monfasani J. A Tale of Two Books: Bessarion’s In Calumniatorem Platonis and George of Trebizond’s Comparatio Philosophorum Platonis et Aristotelis // Renaissance Studies. Journal of the Society for Renaissance Studies. Vol. 22, No. 1 (2008). P. 1–15.

Monfasani J. George of Trebizond's Critique of Theodore Gaza's Translation of the Aristotelian «Problemata» // Aristotle’s Problemata in Different Times and Tongues / ed. by Pieter De Leemans, Michéle Goyens. Leuven: Leuven University Press, 2006.

Monfasani J. The Renaissance Plato-Aristotle Controversy and the Court of Matthias Rex // Matthias Rex (1458–1490): Hungary at the Dawn of the Renaissance. Budapest, 2013.

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Quae hoc in volumine tractantur Bessarionis cardinalis Niceni [et] Patriarchae Cons-ta[n]tinopolitani In calumniatore[m] Platonis libri quatuor; eiusdem Correctio librorum platonis de legibus Georgio Trapezuntio interprete eiusdem De natura [et] arte aduersus eundem Trapezuntiu[m] tractatus index eorum omnium qvae singulis libris pertractantur. Venetiis: in aedib. Aldi Romani, 1503.

Ravegnani G. Nota sul pensiero politico di Giorgio da Trebizonda // Aevum. 1975. Vol. 49 (№№ 3–4). P. 310–329.

Rusconi Roberto. Antichrist and Antichrists // The Encyclopedia of Apocalypticism. Vol. 2. Apocalypticism in Western History and Culture / ed. by Bernard McGinn. New York: Continuum, 2000. P. 287–325.

Tolan John V. Saracens: Islam in the Medieval European Imagination. NY: Columbia University Press, 2002.

Troitskiy S., Begun B., Voloshuk E., Chertenko A. Strategies of studying zones of cultural exclusion // Modern Studies of Russian Society: A collective monograph. Helsinki: Unigrafia, 2014. P. 79–94.

Viti Paolo. Giorgio da Trebisonda // Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani. Vol. 55 (2001). P. 373–382.

Whalen B. E. Dominion of God: Christendom and apocalypse in the Middle Ages. Cambridge (Mass.), London: Harvard University Press, 2009.


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