SOCIAL TRANSGRESSION REFLECTION IN THE CONTEMPORARY ROCK MUSIC OF ISLAMIC REGIONS

А. Е. VYKHOVANETS / А.Е. ВЫХОВАНЕЦ, O. K. MIKHELSON / О. К. МИХЕЛЬСОН

Abstract


The paper treats contemporary rock music (especially genres of heavy metal and black metal) in the countries with Muslim majority. The ambivalence of the attitude to singing and music in Islam is reflected in the paper and the main theological positions on the issue are presented. Methodologically basing on K. Kan-Harris’s concept of heavy metal as a transgressive practice, rock music popularity with modern Islamic youth is seen as a reflection of Islamic regions social transgression. The paper briefly presents the history of rock music in Islamic countries, discusses the work of particular groups in its connection to religion, demonstrates that the widespread popularity of rock music in Muslim regions is tightly linked to Muslim youth current problems: through music they try to overcome the conservatism of traditional society, national and religious disunity, to draw attention to gender inequality, to achieve freedom of expression, to find a new identity in the changing world.

Keywords


Islamic rock music, heavy metal, black metal, social transgression, music in Islam

References


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TRANSLIT

Mihelson O.K., Polyakov N.S. Sovremennaya populyarnaya muzyka i novaya religi-oznost' // Sovremennye issledovaniya social'nyh problem (Elektronnyj nauchnyj zhurnal), 2015. № 2 (46). S. 191-206. S. 197-198. URL: http://journal-s.org/index.php/sisp/article/view/5402 (Data obrashcheniya: 05.09.2018)

Fajnberg A.A. «Svyashchennyj hip-hop»: vzaimodejstvie islama i rehp-kul'tury // Mi-fologiya i religiya v sovremennoj massovoj kul'ture. Sekulyarizaciya i mifologicheskoe soznanie. SPb.: Izd-vo S.-Peterb. un-ta, 2011. S.114-120

Abu Bilaal Mustafa al-Kanadi The Islamic Ruling on Music and Singing URL: https://archive.org/details/TheIslamicRulingOnMusicAndSingingByAbuBilalMustafaAlKanadi (Data obrashcheniya: 03.09.2018)

Al-Qaradawi Yusuf. Fatwa on music and singing // The Islamictext institute URL: https://islamictextinstitute.co.za/on-music-and-singing-fatwa-by-shaykh-yusuf-al-qaradawi/

All is One // Orphaned land lyrics URL: http://www.darklyrics.com/lyrics/orphanedland/allisone.html (Date of access: 03.09.2018)

Bedford I. The Interdiction of Music in Islam // The Australian Journal of Anthropology. 2001, 12:1. Р. 1-14

Exclusive interview – Orphaned Land: «That was the moment that changed my life com-pletely» // Barametal URL: https://barametal.wordpress.com/2012/11/02/exclusive-interview-orphaned-land-that-was-the-moment-that-changed-my-life-completely/ (Date of access: 10.09.2018)

Exclusive interview – Orphaned Land: «That was the moment that changed my life com-pletely» // Barametal URL: https://barametal.wordpress.com/2012/11/02/exclusive-interview-orphaned-land-that-was-the-moment-that-changed-my-life-completely/ (Date of access: 10.09.2018)

Farmer H.G. The Religious Music of Islām // Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland, 1952. No. 1/2 . Р. 60-65;

Fatwa on music by the Grand Mufti and Shaykh of Al-Azhar, translated from Arabic by Shaykh Michael Mumisa Alimiyya // The Islamictext institute URL: https://islamictextinstitute.co.za/music-azhar-fatwa/ (Date of access: 29.04.2018)

Frishkopf M. Music // The Islamic world (Routledge Worlds). - London: Routledge, 2008 p.510-527

Harnish D.D., Rasmussen A.K. (ed.) Divine Inspirations. Music and Islam in Indonesia. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011. 383 p

Hecker P. Turkish metal: music, meaning, and morality in a Muslim society. - Ashgate Publishing Limited. 2012

Interview (en): Seeds of Iblis // Black Metal.nl 17.03.2012 URL: http://hardetekst.blogspot.com/2012/03/interview-en-seeds-of-iblis.html (Date of access: 10.09.2018)

Interview with Al-Namrood – an anti-religious black metal band from Saudi Arabia // Noizr. 07.05.2017 URL: https://noizr.com/news/interviews/interview-with-al-namrood-an-anti-religious-black-metal-band-from-saudi-arabia/:1674/ (Date of access: 06.09. 2018)

Interview with Cherine Amr from Massive Scar Era URL: https://www.facebook.com/notes/metal-queens/interview-with-cherine-amr-from-massive-scar-era-in-collaboration-with-the-egypt/840591139346964/ (Date of access: 04.09.2018)

Interview. Myrath: a Desert Call to progressive metal fans. URL: http://www.metalfan.ro/en/interviuri/myrath-a-desert-call-to-progressive-metal-fans-5709.html (Date of access: 29.08.2018)

Kahn-Harris K. Extreme Metal. Music and Culture on the Edge. Oxford and New York: Berg, 2007

Khan K. Gangsta tales, culture, Christianity, American Islam and

Korpe M. (Ed.), Shoot the Singer! Music Censorship Today. London: Zed books, 2008. 228 p.

Leonard L. The Sacred Music of Islam: Samā' in the Persian Sufi Tradition // British Journal of Ethnomusicology, 1997, Vol. 6. Р. 1-33.

LeVine M. Heavy metal Islam: rock, resistance and the struggle for the Soul of Islam. Three Rivers Press, 2008.

Mainstream Muslima: Breaking down walls for Muslim women in music and media // Global Fund for Women URL: https://www.globalfundforwomen.org/muslima-women-in-music/#.WuxyGGtWr59 (Date of access: 04.09.2018)

Masciandaro N. (Ed.) Hideous Gnosis: Black Metal Theory Symposium 1, New York: Glossator, 2010. 281 p.

Massive Scar Era Official Website URL: http://massivescarera.com/ (Date of access: 03.09.2018)

Metal Band's List//Spirit of Metal URL: https://www.spirit-of-metal.com/en/bands/ (Date of access: 04.09.2018)

Myrath Lyrics URL: http://www.darklyrics.com/lyrics/myrath/desertcall.html#2 (Date of access: 30.08.2018)

Myrath. Get your freedom back Lyrics URL: http://www.songlyrics.com/myrath/get-your-freedom-back-lyrics/ (Date of access: 30.08.2018)

Otterbeck J., Ackfeldt A. Music and Islam // Contemporary Islam, 2012. № 6. P. 227-233;

Otterbeck J. Battling over the Public Sphere: Islamic Reactions to the Music of Today. Contemporary Islam, 2008. № 2, Р. 211-228.

Sand Aura Official Websites URL: https://sandaura.bandcamp.com (Date of access: 10.09.2018)

Seeds of Iblis. Biography // GetSongs BPM URL: https://getsongbpm.com/artist/seeds-of-iblis/DwL5x (Date of access: 09.09.2018)

Shaykh (Mufti) Muhammad Ibn Adam (HA) Music and Singing: A Detailed Fatwa URL: https://central-mosque.com/index.php/General-Fiqh/music-and-singing-a-detailed-fatwa.html (Date of access: 08.09.2018)

Shiloah A. Music in the World of Islam. A Socio-cultural Study. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 2001. 213 р.

the re-formation of Muslim identities in black American hip-hop music: Scarface // Muziki: Journal of Music Research in Africa, 2013, 10:sup1, 94-106

Tunisia Band’s List // Spirits of Metal URL: https://www.spirit-of-metal.com/en/bands/Tunisia/1 (Дата посещения: 06.09.2018)

UA Anthropologist Studies «Moral Panic» In Egypt // University of Arkansas News. 12.09.2018 URL: https://news.uark.edu/articles/11868/ua-anthropologist-studies-moral-panic-rsquo-in-egypt (Date of access 06.09.2018)


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